“Causes” Acronym Resource and Erratum

Credit: Tim Lundeen

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ACH acetylcholine
ACMT American College of Medical Toxicology
AD autistic disorder
ADEM acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADI-R Autism Diagnostic Interview–Revised
ADNP activity-dependent neuroprotective protein
ADP adenosine diphosphate
ADSL autistic disorder with speech loss
ANCOVA analysis of covariance
ANOVA analysis of variance
APOE apolipoprotein E
ASD Autism spectrum disorder
ASTN2 Astrotactin 2
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AUTS2 autism susceptibility candidate 2
AVPR1A arginine vasopressin V1a receptor gene

B

BDNF brain-derived neurotrophic factor
BMI body mass index

C

cAMP adenosine monophosphate
CAT catalase
CDC US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDD childhood disintegrative disorder
CHD7 chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 7
CHD8 chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 8
CMA chronic microglial activation
CNS central nervous system
CNTN5/6 contactin-based networks of cell communication
CNTNAP2 contactin associated protein–like 2
CNV copy number variation
CNVs copy number variations
COPDD childhood-onset pervasive developmental disorder
CREB PKA–cAMP response element-binding protein
CRP C-reactive protein
CSF cerebrospinal fluid

D

DHEAS dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
DLX1/2 distal-less homeobox 1/2
DMSA meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid
DRD4 dopamine D4 receptor
DSM-5 The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Fifth Edition

E

EAAs excitatory amino acids
EBA extrastriate body area
EEG electroencephalography
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
ENS enteric nervous system
ERAP1 endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase
ETLS Environmental Toxin Liability Sampling

F

FDA Food and Drug Administration
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FOXP2 Forkhead box protein P2

G

GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid (aka γ-aminobutyric acid)
GDNF glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor family
GFAP glial fibrillary acid protein
GIDs gastrointestinal disorders
GIRDIN GIRDers of Actin Filament
GLUT1 glucose transporter protein type 1
GNT glutamate neurotoxicity
GPCR G-protein coupled receptor
GSH reduced glutathione
GSK-3β glycogen synthase kinase 3β
GST glutathione-S-transferase

H

HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HPV human papillomavirus
HTR2A serotonin 2A receptor gene
IBD inflammatory bowel disease

IJK

IOM Institute of Medicine

L

LPO lipid peroxidation
LPS lipopolysaccharide
LTP long-term potentiation

M

MACD MMF-associated cognitive dysfunction
MAO-A monoamine oxidase A
mGluR5 glutamate receptor 5
MIA maternal immune activation
MIF macrophage migratory inhibitory factor
MMF Macrophagic myofasciitis
MMR measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine
MMWR Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Report
MREs miRNA recognition elements

N

NAP davunetide
NAS National Academy of Science
NDE1 NudE nuclear distribution E homolog 1
NIH National Institutes of Health
NL3 neuroligin-3
NMDA N-methyl-d-aspartic acid
NMDAR NMDA glutamate receptor
NRXN1 Neurexin 1
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

O

OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
OXTR oxytocin receptor

P

PDBE polybrominated diphenyl ether
PDBEs polybrominated diphenyl ethers
PDD-NOS pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
PIK3CA phosphoinositol signaling pathway
PIQ performance IQ
PKA protein kinase A
PKU phenylketonuria

QR

RBFOX1 RNA-binding protein FOX1
RMAE random monoallelic expression
ROS reactive oxygen species

S

SFARI Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative
SLC solute carrier
SLC speech, language, and communication
SLI specific language impairment
SMD sensory modulation disorder
SMEI severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (Dravet syndrome)
SNPs single nucleotide polymorphisms
SOD superoxide dismutase
SPD sensory processing disorder
SSRIs serotonin reuptake inhibitors

T

TBIs Traumatic brain injuries
TBR1 T-Brain-1
TLR Toll-like receptor
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TPJ temporoparietal junction

UV

VAERS Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
VIEMA Vaccine-Induced Encephalopathy-Mediated Autism
VIQ verbal IQ
VPA valproic acid

WXYZ

WDFY3 WD repeat and FYVE domain containing 3
WES whole-exome sequencing
ZNF804A zinc finger protein 804A

Erratum: page 207: “0.07 μg absorbed per dose” should read “0.07 micrograms/kg/day”

 

causes2